BabylonJS vs. ThreeJS: A comparison of the leading web 3D frameworks

In the world of web 3D development, there are two names that keep popping up: BabylonJS and ThreeJS. Both are powerful web 3D frameworks that allow developers to create stunning 3D content directly in the web browser. But which engine is right for your project? In this article, we will compare BabylonJS with ThreeJS to help you make this decision.

History and background

ThreeJS was started in 2010 by Ricardo Cabello (also known as Mr.doob) and has since become one of the most popular libraries for WebGL. It offers a wide range of features and is supported by an active community.

BabylonJS was started in 2013 by Microsoft as an open source project. It is designed to be a complete 3D engine for the web, and has a variety of features specifically designed for creating complex 3D applications.

Performance and flexibility

Both engines are known for their performance, but there are some differences in their approach:

  • ThreeJS emphasizes simplicity and flexibility. It provides a lower barrier to entry for beginners and allows developers to quickly prototype. However, it doesn’t have as many built-in features as BabylonJS, which means that developers often need to add additional plugins or libraries to achieve certain features.
  • BabylonJS offers a more comprehensive suite of tools and features “out of the box”. This can make it a more attractive option for larger projects or for developers looking for a more comprehensive solution. However, it can have a steeper learning curve for beginners.

Community and support

  • ThreeJS has one of the largest and most active communities in the field of web 3D development. This means that there is a wealth of tutorials, plugins, and third-party tools developed for ThreeJS.
  • BabylonJS also has an active community, although it is smaller than ThreeJS. However, it has the advantage of Microsoft support, which means that there are regular updates and professional support.

Tools and extensions

  • ThreeJS offers a number of extensions and plugins developed by the community. There are also many third-party tools that are compatible with ThreeJS.
  • BabylonJS provides an integrated development environment called BabylonJS Playground that allows developers to test and debug code in real time. It also provides a set of powerful tools for things like physics, animation, and particle systems.


Both BabylonJS and ThreeJS are powerful options for web 3D development. Your choice ultimately depends on your specific requirements and preferences:

  • If you’re looking for a simple and flexible solution that allows you to get started and prototype quickly, ThreeJS might be the right choice for you.
  • If you’re looking for a more comprehensive solution that offers a variety of built-in features and tools, BabylonJS might be a better fit for your needs.

Regardless of your choice, it’s important to note that both BabylonJS and ThreeJS are regularly updated and supported by active communities. This means that no matter which engine you choose, you will have access to a wealth of resources and support.

ZREALITY has recognized this and is taking it a step further by integrating both BabylonJS and ThreeJS into its Grids platform. Through this strategic decision, ZREALITY combines the strengths of both frameworks to create a robust and powerful 3D web experience.

The integration of both web 3D frameworks allows ZREALITY to benefit from the simplicity and flexibility of ThreeJS and the rich features and tools of BabylonJS. This means that developers using the Grids platform have access to a broader range of capabilities, from rapid prototyping to complex 3D applications.

In addition, ZREALITY’s commitment to excellence is at the heart of this integration. By combining BabylonJS and ThreeJS, ZREALITY ensures that its grids platform is not only powerful and versatile, but also meets the needs of enterprise software. This is especially important at a time when businesses are increasingly relying on 3D web applications to engage with their customers and deliver immersive experiences.

Overall, ZREALITY’s decision to integrate both BabylonJS and ThreeJS into its Grids platform demonstrates the company’s commitment to innovation and excellence. It is a testament to ZREALITY’s commitment to providing its customers with the best of both worlds while ensuring that its 3D web applications meet the high standards of enterprise software.